Types of skin cancer and how to detect

Skin cancer covers a bond of neoplastic diseases with treatment, diagnosis and prognosis different depending on the patient's case. Learn how you can identify them in time.

Types of skin cancer

One of the main causes of the development of skin cancer due to ultraviolet rays from sunlight, that they cause same mutations in the DNA of an individual and these are accumulated over years. For this reason it is necessary to know the types of skin cancer and how to detect in time before it becomes a permanent problem for human health.

Types of skin cancer and detection

Index

  1. Basal cell carcinoma
  2. Squamous cell carcinoma
  3. melanoma cancer

Anyone can suffer from this problem of skin cancer, no matter what the color of their skin. It is considered that about one in five Americans can develop skin cancer. When detected early, skin cancer is highly treatable and it is best that it can assess with a specialist.

Basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma

Basal cell carcinoma is a cancer that appears on a flat area of ​​the dermis scaly (Outermost skin layer). It is characterized by a reddish color, it accumulates in small translucent areas and may bleed to a minimum contact. In the US, 90% of people with skin cancer have a basal cell carcinoma, in a nutshell, is the product of the intense rays of sunlight.

Fortunately this is the skin cancer less serious health because of their slow growth, usually found on the neck, face and hands. Rarely spreads to other parts of the body. The main reasons why this type of cancer develops is chronic sun exposure, display a radical, open sores that do not heal, regarding arsenic, vaccines, scarring, infection or burns.

How to detect

Basal cell carcinoma may appear as red spots irritated in areas such as shoulders, arms, legs, chest and face. Sometimes they can form crust that usually do not cause discomfort. Another sign that the patient may have bulging cyst shining or translucent white, pink or red, and finally a scar that may be changing color.

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How to prevent it

When such is detected skin cancer and proper treatment is used, the overall outlook is promising. In addition to a designated treatment by the doctor It is recommended to avoid excessive UV exposure, apply sunscreen at least 30 minutes before leaving home and visiting specialists at least once a year to examine the skin.

Squamous cell carcinoma

skin cancer

Kind of skin cancer which can be presented so intact or It can develop on skin that has had some sort of injury or it has been inflamed for a long time. This cancer is more dangerous than the previous one and has the ability to spread through touching vital organs.

How to detect

Squamous cell carcinoma develops on the face, neck, ears, hands and arms, It may also incur other body areas. The main symptom is a growing bump that may lead to scaly and rough surface with planes red patches. When a noticeable change in a mole, wart or external shock can be a clear sign of skin cancer.

How to prevent it

Treatment for squamous cell carcinoma cancer depends on the size, location and how far it has developed. The best practice to combat this disease is excision, This means that you must cut the existing cancer in the body using stitches to the skin together again. You can also opt for special skin creams that have imiquimod or 5-fluorouracil, both are elementary to avoid damaging the basal cells, but this should be treated by specialists.

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melanoma cancer

It is considered the most dangerous and harmful cancer, when not treated early can be fatal. Melanoma cancer can develop in any area of ​​the body but often occurs in the legs, arms and trunk. The disease starts when a set of old tumor cells is transferred to another place and an organ which develops and produces a similar to existing tumor is interrupted.

How to detect

melanoma cancer

This type of skin cancer can occur in people of any age, however, they added that more research is diagnosed young. Who suffers from this disease first thing you see it is a new mole or a freckle old resize, color and shape. Large numbers of people have moles on the body and almost all seem to be harmless, but it is necessary to identify changes that give notice to a melanoma.

How to prevent it

To combat the risk of suffering a skin cancer nonmelanoma (permanent), the first recommendation would avoid contact to sunlight. Before leaving somewhere you need to apply sunscreen at least half an hour earlier so that it penetrates deep into the skin. To protect arms and face can opt for long shirts and wide-brimmed hat, tightly woven materials provide better protection.

Cundo is very advanced cancer specialists recommend surgery. Be treatment is to remove the tumor near an area of ​​healthy tissue exists around, in this way preventing the disease originates in case there eluded other nearby areas. Chemotherapy is another solution for melanoma cancer, in this case you can be combined with home remedies for skin care and increase the effectiveness of treatment.

Writing: Life Team Lúcida
Images: Shutterstock


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