Difference between intolerance and food allergy

The management of information makes us more powerful every day. Knowing the differences in our diagnoses, for example between intolerances and food allergies, it is paramount for improvement and engage with the process and work involved in achieving a healthy state again.

food allergies

Difference between intolerance and food allergy

Intolerances and food allergies are commonly confused, that because many times we are presented with symptoms very similar. Among its withdrawal treatments consumption of any product, whether food or otherwise, that is the possible trigger it is included.

When someone has a food allergy, your immune system sees food as a hostile invader, and the body's defense mechanism springs into action. This produces a range of symptoms that can range from mild skin itching to severe breathing difficulties. These usually occur soon after eating the food.

When someone is intolerant to a food, the immune system is not usually involved and the symptoms are usually not immediate or life-threatening. However, a food intolerance can negatively affect long-term health.

How do I know if an intolerance or food allergy

It is very important that a food sensitivity - allergy or intolerance - be medically diagnosed. A self-diagnosis is extremely risky, since many of the symptoms associated with these conditions are common to a number of other diseases. It is important to remember that food poisoning from eating contaminated foods, and aversion to food - in which someone does not like a particular food (but it will not be bad if they eat) - are not food sensitivities.

If you go to diagnose yourself, you can cut from your diet some foods that are healthy and nutritious, while at the same time reap including foods that may be risky. If you think you have a food allergy or intolerance, you should talk to your doctor.

What are food intolerances

In the intolerance response to food foods occurs in the digestive system, it occurs when your system is unable to digest the food you eat, whether a single food or that food and petroleum products. This may include small or large reactions.

The intolerance, It occurs when you can not digest either some of the chemical components present in the preparations, or reactions of these foods in the body, still intolerant to some food people can handle small amounts of it, provided they do not exceed a certain limit.

Symptoms of food intolerances

Symptoms of food intolerance include an altered stomach digestion - diarrhea, bloating, stomach ache, etc. Weight loss, lethargy or anemia can also occur and psychological effects such as migraine, confusion and even depression. However, these periods usually manifest for longer periods of time as well as a variety of other symptoms that can result from poor nutrition. In some cases the symptoms of food intolerance resemble those of a mild allergic reaction.

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Many of the symptoms of a food intolerance are also associated with other digestive system disorders such as Crohn's disease and Irritable Bowel Syndrome.

food allergy crohn

Foods that cause food intolerances

There is also a wide variety of foods associated with food intolerance. milk (lactose intolerance) and gluten (celiac disease, intolerance to wheat) include also certain food additives such as monosodium glutamate (MSG).

A person with lactose intolerance can not properly digest milk (lactose is milk sugar). Lactose can not be absorbed by the body resulting in symptoms such as diarrhea and cramps.
A person with celiac disease reacts to gluten, a protein found in foods such as wheat, rye, barley and oats. This results in damage to the intestine with branches in nutritional status and general welfare.

Some people have reported symptoms such as redness, increased temperature and headache after eating MSG flavor enhancer (monosodium glutamate). These symptoms are also known as "Chinese restaurant syndrome" related to the fact that MSG is a common ingredient in many Chinese dishes.

Other foods are known to have adverse effects on sensitive people, including red wine, cheese, caffeine and salicylates found in certain vegetables, herbs, spices, fruits and chocolate.

What are allergies

Conversely, a reaction allergic food includes a complicated and complex reaction of the immune system, this system controls how your body defends itself from attacks by the environment, and when he is involved, the consequences can be very delicate, if your body senses certain foods as attackers triggers a series of delicate processes, "overreacts" producing some antibodies are called immunoglobulin E (IgE). They travel through the blood and produce chemical effects on the cells, which is what causes the allergic condition, IgE are specialized hunters and has specific "radar" for each type of allergogenic.

Symptoms of allergies

In essence, when the immune system reacts to a food ingredient during an allergic reaction, causing the release of chemicals such as histamine from the cells in the body. This causes some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Itching or swelling in the mouth and throat
  • Hives anywhere in the body
  • Nose and watery eyes
  • Redness of the skin
  • Feeling sick
  • Diarrhea and / or vomiting

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If the reaction is severe, other symptoms may occur include:

  • A sudden feeling of weakness (caused by a drop in blood pressure)
  • Breathing problems (throat may begin to swell or close)

This is an anaphylactic reaction, also known as anaphylactic shock, and is potentially fatal. Immediate treatment is required injection of epinephrine followed by specialized medical care. Usually symptoms occur within seconds or minutes of exposure to the food, but the reaction may be delayed for several hours.

Foods that cause allergies

Although peanuts and walnuts are probably the most familiar foods that cause allergies because of the many media reports of related deaths, Any food can cause an allergic reaction in a susceptible person. To date, allergies to more than 180 foods have been documented worldwide. Most of these are very rare and some are particularly associated with certain populations or regions.

food allergy

Cod fish allergy is common in Scandinavian countries such as allergy rice in China and allergy to celery in France. These allergies are less common on the island of Ireland, where, like other Western countries, allergies occur most often include milk, eggs, peanuts, nuts and seeds, fish, shellfish, soy and wheat

You may be allergic or intolerant to more than one food

You may be allergic to more than one thing. It is also possible to be certain things intolerant and allergic to other things. It all depends on the similarity of the offending chemicals are in the food or pollen or any material that you are allergic.

This is known as cross-reactivity: if you have a food allergy, can react with another substance (not necessarily other food) if it contains a protein as the protein causing allergy your first.

  1. For example, cross-reactivity can lead to a person who is allergic to shrimp also allergic to shrimp, crabs and lobster.
  2. Very often allergic to peanuts are also allergic to lupine flour.
  3. The chicken egg has a cross reaction with other eggs and milk is cow milk crossreactivity with goat and sheep.
  4. A person with a wheat allergy may also be allergic to rye grass pollen.
  5. Some cross-reactions are less obvious: an allergy to dust mites can lead to a shellfish allergy (shellfish), while latex allergy increases the risk of becoming allergic to certain fruits and vegetables.
  6. Those who are allergic to pollen, especially birch pollen or olive oil, can develop allergic symptoms when they eat hazelnuts, apples, cherries, pears and carrots.

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