Learn how to grow any food is therapeutic and in your own life you promote self-sufficiency. For example, you can grow aloe vera, ginger, basil, lettuce, lemons, avocados and many more food than you imagined you could not, for example, grow grapes, apart from being exciting to think that soon would have grapes in your own home, it's easy and you can do it in containers or pots, it is not very complicated and requires careful and light maintenance. Then check out the following tips and advice for your own and you start growing in your house or apartment.
How to grow grapes to grow in pots
Before you start to take this cute and noble task of growing grapes, keep in mind several important things to prepare yourself and your practical step towards the grape harvest. That will make your job easier and do not stop along the way. For example, you must choose which variety of grape you want to grow, adequate pots, the favorite potting soil and tools among other things.
The choice of the pot
For grape growing containers, select a large, sturdy container which can support this vigorous vine. A pot of 56 to 75 liters (15 to 20 gallons) which is at least 40 to 45 cms (16-18 inches) deep and 45 to 60 cms. (18-24 inches) wide is sufficient. It begins with a pot smaller size and then transplant the plant into a larger one.
The choice of varieties
The best option is to go to a garden center and ask a variety that can grow well in pots and in your climate. There are many vine varieties to choose from. Choose a variety that is resistant to disease and can grow well in your area is the most essential. However, you can grow almost any variety in the pot, but grape growing dwarf 'Pixie', it may be easier for you.
The best time to grow grapes spring or early summer, planting at this time helps the plant to grow throughout the season without exposure to frost. But if you live in a tropical climate free hot frost, the best time to plant grape vine is in the winter.
Requirements for growing grapes potted
Choose a place that is sunny, warm and dry. If your site receives shade in an afternoon, the plant still do well, but at least 6 hours of sunlight is required. Avoid keep the plant moist spots, shade and less wind or no air circulation because it promotes fungal diseases and vine requires good air circulation around them.
Support and Training
A vine needs training and support to grow. When grapes are grown in a pot, it is best to opt for a lightweight high trellis, wood or plastic. You can also make yourself a trellis. A grape vine grows long and requires support and will be much better if you have an arbor or pergola as a structure. In addition, there are many other techniques to go entangling grape vine. Vine entangles in a stake or something like a trellis with ventilation. You can also support the vine in a stake with the help of umbrella method. Vines grown in pots using the standard method of forming a regular lattice vine is an easy idea and smooth too.
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To grow grapes, do not use heavy garden soil when you grow grapes in containers. Instead, use a light potting mix that is loose, rich in organic matter and most importantly that drains well.
And deeply watered regularly to keep the soil slightly moist, but avoid overwatering. Too wet soil can be harmful to the plant.
Put aside the ripe manure or compost plant periodically. In the first year, you can fertilize the plant with a general purpose fertilizer in spring and summer. Starting next year, begin to fertilize the plant with fertilizer that is low in nitrogen but high in potassium and phosphorus from the spring when flower buds appear.
Structure Types pole and wire to entangle grape vine.
Grapes growing in the tropics
The grapes are really temperate fruits, but the best of them is that they can grow in temperate and tropical regions. Temperate climate zones without harsh summers or humidity are optimal for growing grapes. However, two tropical countries India and Brazil, are one of the largest producers of grapes in the world. Other tropical countries such as Yemen, Thailand, Peru and Tanzania, also produce grapes, but to a lesser extent. This means that if you live in a tropical climate can still grow grapes. All you need is to find a suitable variety to grow successfully in your area.
Even in the tropics, areas with very high humidity or heavy rain, they are less suitable for growing grapes and if you are living in an unfavorable climate in this way, your plant will suffer from fungal regularly diseases and have to care for more . In addition to this, there is a possibility that fruits that are given are of lower quality and mild flavor.
Life Care in pots
A vine care are not that hard if the tips given below are followed.
When you grow grapes in pots, you should know that most grape varieties are self-fertile fruit and produce on their own. However, gently shaking the plant at the time of flowering, resulting in better performance.
A vine requires mulch when grown in soil. You can also put compost in the pot with pine bark, compost or river stones or pebbles (so that they look good too) to prevent excessive evaporation of soil water and to protect the roots from temperature fluctuations .
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In climates with severe winters, you have to protect the plant. To do this you must remove the latent vine from its holder and start keeping it indoors in a warm space. It also reduces the risk and avoid applying any fertilizer during this period.
During the first months after planting until the end of the growing season, prune the plant and not allowed to grow freely to allow well-established plant in the pot and let a strong root system develops.
Vine branches that are over two years old, do not produce fruit so you'll need to remove all the old branches.
Growth pruning in late winter and early spring during inactivity so that there are only two outbreaks. The buds are small bumps on the trunk. This may seem too heavy pruning to do, but in the spring and summer, each of these outbreaks will become a new branch. He devoted the first year of the formation of the vine to follow your vine pruning and tying or stacking. Due to limited space of the pot, try to keep only 1 or 2 branches growing from the main trunk. In addition, pruning all stolons crawl out of the lattice.
The most important pruning which will be held at the end of winter, when the plant sheds its leaves, is one in which depends fruiting. You have to do summer pruning too. Although it should be light and unobtrusive.
Diseases and pests
In diseases, fungal diseases such as black spot and powdery mildew, especially in hot and dry weather are possible. In pests, keep an eye on common garden insects like aphids, Japanese beetles, moths and caterpillars can also be a problem.
Harvesting is done when the plant is at least 2-3 years of age. In general, the grapes ripen at any time from late August to late October. It depends on the variety and type of climate that is growing.
To find out if your grapes are ready for harvest or not, try them. If you have a sweet and pleasant taste, coséchalas. If not, then leave them for a few days. Once the grapes begin to change color usually take between 1 to 3 weeks to be properly mature (Tano time depends on the variety and how good climate. For example, green grapes usually become slightly translucent and their skin turn yellow once ripe. ripe grapes also feel soft to the touch. Eventually, the taste is all that matters. If you like the taste, then coséchalas.
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