About 13 percent of men and 7 percent of women only in the US have kidney stones sometime in their lifetime. If you have had kidney stones, is an experience that probably will not want to repeat.
Pain associated with kidney stones can be excruciating and may in some cases cause the person to be sent to the emergency room for treatment. Although most kidney stones come out on their own without lasting damage, if no changes are made, they can occur within five years again, up to 50 percent of people.
What exactly are kidney stones?
Kidney stones are typically mass of minerals, calcium and oxalate, which are housed in the urinary tract. Generally, the compounds of urine inhibit the formation of these crystals.
Some stones form when the urine contains more substances in crystal form, such as calcium and uric acid, which may dilute fluid available. If the stone is large enough to cause obstruction or irritation, severe pain typically results. Pain may move to different places and change in intensity as the stones move. Other symptoms of kidney stones include:
- Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
- Painful urination
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills if an infection is present
- Pain extends to the lower abdomen and groin
- Urine brown, rosa o rojo
- persistent urge to urinate
- Urinating small amounts
- Pain that comes in waves and fluctuates in intensity
- cloudy or foul-smelling urine
- Often urinating more than usual
13 warning signs of kidney stones
What makes some people more likely to develop kidney stones other? There are some risks to consider.
1. Not enough calcium
Most kidney stones are made of calcium, so it would seem that if consumed too could be problematic. However, it is quite the opposite, people who eat a diet low in calcium are more likely to develop kidney stones than those who consume more calcium.
It is that calcium in the digestive tract joins chemicals called oxalates food, preventing them from entering the bloodstream and urinary tract where they can form kidney stones.
It is important to note that calcium is food is what is beneficial - not calcium, which is found in the body in large quantities, which actually increases the risk of kidney stones by 20%.
2. Obsessed green vegetables
Green leafy vegetables, especially spinach are rich in oxalates. These chemicals bind with calcium and must be excreted through the urinary tract, but high concentrations can become concentrated in the urine and kidney stones.
Green leafy vegetables are the healthiest foods, but if you're in a fight with kidney stones, you may want to change the high oxalate vegetables such as spinach, for options with less oxalate, such as kale.
3. Too much processed salt
Salt, especially natural varieties unprocessed, has been unfairly labeled as a source of chronic diseases. However, excess sodium intake, is what can increase the amount of calcium excreted by the kidneys, and in turn may increase the risk of kidney stones.
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You need not shy away from a bit of raw salt added to your meal. Rather, cut mostly processed foods, which is where most processed salt is hidden.
4. Very few citrus fruits (and vegetables of all kinds)
Citrus fruits contain citrate, a compound that can reduce your risk of kidney stones. Simply adding a squeeze of lemon or lime to water can be useful, but you can increase your intake of fruits and vegetables.
Magnesium also plays an important role in calcium absorption and assimilation of your body. For example, if you consume too much calcium without adequate magnesium, excess calcium can become toxic to health and contribute to health conditions such as kidney stones.
5. Too much iced tea
The black tea is a rich source of oxalate, so that excessive consumption may increase the risk of stone formation. Earlier this year, the New England Journal of Medicine reported the case of a 56-year-old, who was drinking 16 eight-ounce glasses of iced tea daily. He was admitted to a hospital for kidney failure and was found to have abundant calcium oxalate crystals in their urine.
6. Drink sodas
It soft drink is associated with kidney stones, possibly because the phosphorus acid containing acidify the urine, which promotes the formation of calculations. In addition, one study found that drinking soda exacerbate conditions in the urine leading to the formation of calcium oxalate.
Sugar, including fructose, (and high fructose corn syrup), is also very problematic. A diet high in sugar can prepare for kidney stones, because sugar alters the relationships of minerals in your body by interfering with the absorption of calcium and magnesium.
Consumption of unhealthy sugars and carbonated soft drinks in childhood, is a large factor why children as young as 5 years old are developing kidney stones. Sugar can increase kidney size and produce changes in the kidney, such as kidney stones.
7. Your parents
If you have a family history of kidney stones, your risk increases as well. It is believed that the inability to efficiently absorb oxalate may be an inherited trait.
8. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
If you have IBD, including Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, you are at increased risk of kidney stones. This could be because such a condition often causes diarrhea, which in turn increases the risk of becoming dehydrated - a risk factor for kidney stones.
9. Recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI)
Recurrent urinary tract infections can be a sign of a kidney stone in some cases, since the stones can block the flow of urine resulting in urinary tract infections. If you have frequent urinary tract infections without cause, you should make review of kidney stones (you may have them without knowing it).
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10. Abuse of laxatives
Overuse of laxatives interferes with the body's ability to absorb and use the nutrients in your favor, and can lead to electrolyte imbalance increasing your risk of kidney stones. Laxative abuse can lead to dehydration, another trigger for kidney stones.
11. Drugs for migraine
The migraine drug called topiramate (Topamax) increases the pH levels in the urinary tract, which can lead to an increased risk of kidney stones.
overweight is believed change can lead to urinary tract (eg, urine pH) that promote the formation of kidney stones.
You should be aware that although obesity increases the risk of kidney stones, surgery alters the digestive tract, actually it makes them more common. After this surgery, oxalate levels are typically much higher (oxalate is the most common type crystal kidney stones).
What is the main factor of risk for kidney stones
No drinking water
The number one risk factor for kidney stones is not drinking enough water be. If you're not drinking enough water, your urine has higher concentrations of substances that can form stones. According to recent guidelines issued by the American College of Physicians (ACP), one of the simplest strategies you can take to prevent kidney stones is to drink more water.
Urine has various residues dissolved therein. When there is too much waste in very little, crystals begin to form. The crystals attract and bind other elements to form one stronger than will get bigger unless turned out of the body with the urine. In most people, drinking enough fluids makes it ceases to be a rock.
The National Kidney Foundation recommends drinking more than 12 glasses of water a day, noting that a simple way to tell if you're drinking enough water is checking the color of urine: A pale yellow is light; darker urine is more concentrated. The water requirement of each person is different, depending on system level and activity, the goal is simply to keep your urine pale yellow and with that're traveling a long way toward preventing kidney stones.
Prevention is, as far preferable to be suffering from episodes of kidney stones. Estate insurance that you are drinking plenty of water, first. Eat well, including plenty of vegetables and avoid soft drinks and fructose-rich foods, such as processed foods.
Eating too much fructose is correlated with increased risk of developing kidney stones. Fructose can be found in table sugar and high fructose corn syrup in sweetened sodas and many processed products in some individuals, fructose can be metabolized to oxalate.
Finally, you should know that regular exercise is very important. Even low amounts exercise may be beneficial for reducing the risk of getting kidney stones risk.
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